Symptoms and treatment of cervical osteochondrosis in women

causes of cervical osteochondrosis

For a positive result in the prevention and treatment of cervical osteochondrosis in women, you need to understand what provokes the disease.

In Greek, "chondros" means cartilage, but this disease affects not only the intervertebral discs, but also the joints of the vertebrae.

Osteochondrosis is a degenerative change in the structure of the body (in this case the spine), which often occurs after thirty-five, and after fifty occurs in every second person. It is the most common provoker of back and neck pain. First, the small muscles and ligaments that hold the vertebrae are affected, then the disease is transmitted to the bones and destroys the intervertebral cartilage, which further provokes more serious health problems.

Cervical osteochondrosis is most common in women. It is divided into three stages, each of which gradually leads to limited mobility.

A little about the structure of the spine

The human spine consists of 33-35 vertebral bones, between which there are shock absorbers - intervertebral discs. Thanks to them, the human body becomes flexible. The cervix is ​​the most mobile of all the departments and sometimes withstands enormous loads (especially in people with a sedentary lifestyle), while there are many vital arteries and nerve endings. They pass through the vertebrae, are often compressed. As a result, blood circulation is disrupted and nerve root pinching occurs.

Predisposing factors

The main causes of cervical osteochondrosis in women:

  • Treatment with hormonal drugs (resulting in impaired metabolism).
  • Inadequate load on the spine and back muscles: improperly organized workplace, hard physical work with dangerous work or heavy lifting, competition for achievements in major sports - these are the most common provokers of the disease.
  • symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis
  • Improper diet and smoking, food without the right amount of nutrients helps the disease to develop, and the abuse of foods containing preservatives, stabilizers, colors and other harmful substances will only make it worse. Another important reason is the insufficient consumption of clean water (without dyes, fragrances and gas). Our cells remain functional and healthy only in the presence of a sufficient amount of drinking water: without it, the cartilage and ligaments first dry out, then the muscles become clogged with slag and the first stiffness appears, which can lead to osteochondrosis.
  • Sedentary lifestyle - without an active lifestyle (sports, frequent walking, cycling) the blood supply to the muscles of the body is disrupted. This in turn leads to insufficient nutrition of the intervertebral discs, which after the end of human growth are able to receive the necessary substances only from nearby muscles. The more a person performs muscular actions of different structures and character, the more actively all the systems of his body work, thus slowing down the development of the disease or eliminating it altogether.
  • Heredity or congenital curvature of the spine. The structure of the body and spine is passed down from generation to generation: a specific slope or, conversely, excessive deviation of the lower back, scoliosis - all this gives improper load on the spine, which means that it creates a positive environment for osteochondrosis. Therefore, if there have been cases of the disease in the family, it is strongly recommended that they be periodically examined to predict the disease in time.
  • Previous diseases: arthritis, osteoarthritis and various types of neuralgia, vascular spasms and instability of the spine - these are the provokers of osteochondrosis.
  • Injuries - previous spinal cord injury is very often the first cause of osteochondrosis in women, the treatment of such cases should be especially careful because of the muscles weakened by trauma, which means impaired blood supply and metabolism.
  • Regular stress is an important cause of illness. Every stress brings with it a psychosomatic background that causes the muscles to contract in tension, often uncontrollably. Due to muscle spasm, the free movement of blood and lymph is disrupted, which in turn will provoke the deposition of toxins, toxins and metabolic waste. Thus, osteochondrosis is formed in the initial stage.

Secondary factors

These include:

  • Improper position of the spine during rest and sleep: a comfortable pillow and head position during sleep are also very important for a healthy neck. The pillow should not be too huge and hard, the head should lie no more than twenty centimeters above shoulder level. Sleeping without a pillow provokes muscle spasms and becomes a potential threat of disease.
  • Pregnancy is often accompanied by the first sign of cervical osteochondrosis: in women, the hands often tingle during sleep.
  • secondary signs of cervical osteochondrosis
  • Overweight. The large body mass puts pressure on the body's shock absorbers: the knees and the lumbar spine. And if the lower back is overloaded, the body will try to compensate with other parts of it. The neck is the first in this risk group.
  • Age: over the years the vertebrae wear out more and more, the cartilage wears out, provoking the disease. To this is added the "age" extraction of calcium from the body.
  • Improper weight distribution in the feet and as a result of incorrect loading of the spine

Symptoms of the disease

The most common symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis in women are pain and crunch in the neck, a feeling of tightness in the muscles and stiffness when turning the head.

Also indicators of spinal problems are:

  1. Headache and dizziness.
  2. Numbness of the fingers.
  3. Visual impairment. This symptom of cervical osteochondrosis in women requires immediate medical attention.
  4. Noise in the head and flickering dots in front of the eyes.
  5. Muscle tightening combined with limited range of motion of the neck.
  6. Reduced performance. It is associated with severe fatigue and memory impairment.

All these symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis in women with treatment gradually disappear, which is an indicator of regression of the disease.

Specificity of the pathology

The main signs and treatment of cervical osteochondrosis in women do not differ from that of men, although according to statistics, women go to the doctor faster. Men often endure pain and discomfort for a long time, thus exacerbating the situation.

Doctors believe that it is impossible to completely cure this disease, because if degenerative changes have already occurred, there is no reverse process. You can only stop the current progress and prevent deterioration. That is why it is more important to prevent the development of the disease than to try to fix everything later.

Methods for treating cervical osteochondrosis in women

The following therapies are currently used:

  • Drugs (with exacerbation) - painkillers and strong blockers.
  • Physiotherapy (at all stages and during prophylaxis) - therapeutic gymnastics, massage, manual therapy: traction, ultrasound.
  • Alternative methods. These include the use of applicators, acupuncture, hirudotherapy (leech therapy).

Is medication effective?

treatment of cervical osteochondrosis with drugs

In women, drug treatment of cervical osteochondrosis is recommended only in the acute stage. It is characterized by severe headache and muscle aches, nausea, limited movement due to suffocated nerve endings. At such times, it is important not to overdo it with painkillers so as not to overload the liver and damage the gastric mucosa.

It is better to limit the use of ointments with a warming effect on days of exacerbation, so as not to provoke swelling of the affected area. If edema is still detected, it is recommended to take diuretics to improve lymph flow. On the other hand, anti-inflammatory gels and ointments can help relieve pain, cramps and discomfort in the neck.

In the future, it makes no sense to use drugs to treat cervical osteochondrosis. Women develop drug addiction very quickly and there will be no suitable result. The only exception is the use of products with chondroitin (to restore cartilage tissue) and calcium complexes, which must be taken by a woman after forty years.

How to beat osteochondrosis?

To stop the disease and prevent progress, you need to approach the problem on a large scale. It is necessary to do therapeutic exercises as often as possible, to eat properly, to drink very clean water and often to remember the correct position of the spine during work, avoiding the feeling of muscle stiffness from fatigue and tension. It is also permissible to use traditional medicines. These include compresses and rubbing, herbal teas to stimulate metabolism. The most effective way to fight for health is to consciously influence all factors. Therefore, as soon as signs of cervical osteochondrosis are found in a woman, treatment should be comprehensive and scrupulous.

exercise therapy

exercises for cervical osteochondrosis

The most effective and useful way to fight cervical osteochondrosis is therapeutic gymnastics (LFK) and yoga.

When affecting problem areas, these systems are similar when they affect small muscles by stretching and strengthening the entire muscular corset. For adults or very weak people, special exercises from joint gymnastics are most suitable.

Why is this disease dangerous?

Undiagnosed or neglected disease will provoke the formation of protrusions and hernias of the spine, severe migraines and difficulty breathing due to blocked muscles. This will lead to problems with the heart and blood vessels. The brain is particularly affected due to circulatory disorders, which will contribute to stroke. Spinal artery syndrome and spinal stroke are also common among careless people.

In the practice of medicine there are (rarely, but still! ) fatal results due to untimely treatment of cervical osteochondrosis. In women and men, the symptoms of the disease, the effect on the body and the methods of treatment are identical. The child's body can also be affected, but most likely due to a hereditary pathological structure of the spine or birth trauma.

Nutrition in osteochondrosis

The diet for osteochondrosis should be properly balanced, so it is better to consult a nutritionist. Important: try to consume as little salt and mineral water as possible. When cooking, preference should be given to steam, boiled or, in extreme cases, baked in foil. Salty, smoked, spicy and too fatty foods are excluded from daily use. You need to eat more foods rich in protein (legumes, dairy products, almonds and vegetables) and chondroitin (agar-agar, cartilage). Coffee is forbidden because it promotes the extraction of calcium from the body. Seedlings of cereals and legumes, sesame proved to be very good.

Movement is life

To prevent disease progression, it is important to adhere to an active lifestyle while:

how to treat cervical osteochondrosis
  • Mandatory physical exercises with different spectrum of impact: gymnastics, swimming.
  • If work involves sitting for many hours, often take five minutes to stretch your body.
  • Drink at least two liters of clean water without gas and additives.
  • Be in the fresh air more often, taking long walks.
  • Keep an eye on your posture to avoid staining.
  • Eat foods high in calcium.

The proverb of the ancients says: "The age of a person is determined by the condition of his spine. " So take care of it and notice in time the changes that occur in it.